Origin of Textiles

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Origin of Textiles

The origin of textiles dates back thousands of years. The origin of textiles is intertwined with the history of human civilization.

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Early origins

  • The history of textiles began with the use of natural materials.
    • For example, plant fibres and animal hides.
  • Early humans used natural materials to cover and protect themselves from the elements.
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Weaving and spinning

  • The art of weaving emerged around 12,000 years ago.
    • Early humans interlaced fibres to create more durable fabrics.
    • The oldest evidence of woven textiles is in present-day Turkey and the Middle East.
  • Spinning was developed as a technique to convert raw fibres into yarns.
    • Spinning involved twisting fibres together to create a continuous thread, enhancing the versatility of textiles.
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Ancient civilizations

  • Textiles played a key role in the growth of ancient civilizations.
    • For example, in ancient Egypt, the production of linen from flax fibres was a significant industry.
  • Elaborate textile materials were used for:
    • Clothing.
    • Burial shrouds.
    • Temple decorations.
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Silk production and trade

  • The ancient Chinese discovered silk production around 5,000 years ago.
    • Silk production involves unravelling a silkworm's cocoon to obtain a silk thread.
  • As civilizations developed, trade networks allowed textiles to spread.
    • The Silk Road was established during the Han Dynasty in China.
    • The Silk Road facilitated the exchange of silk, wool, and other textiles across Asia, the Middle East, and Europe.

Jump to other topics

1Core Technical Principles

2Paper & Board: Specialist Technical Principles

3Timber: Specialist Technical Principles

4Metal: Specialist Technical Principles

5Polymers: Specialist Technical Principles

6Textiles: Specialist Technical Principles

7Designing & Making Principles

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