Ferrous Metals

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Ferrous Metals

Ferrous metals are metals that contain iron.

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Properties of ferrous metals

  • Ferrous metals are magnetic and will rust when exposed to unfavourable conditions.
  • Small amounts of other compounds or metals can be added to enhance the properties of ferrous metals.
    • For example, adding small amounts of carbon can increase its hardness.
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Examples of ferrous metals

  • Low-carbon steel can increase the toughness of steel.
    • Low-carbon steel is used for bike frames.
  • High-carbon steel can keep sharp and does not rust easily.
    • High-carbon steel is used for tools such as knives or scissors.
  • Cast iron can make strong and tough products.
    • Cast iron is used for kitchen pans.

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