Metals: Shape & Form

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Shapes & Form

Metals can have various shapes and forms, depending on their intended use.

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Sheets and plates

  • Metals can be produced in flat, thin sheets of varying thickness.
    • Sheets are used for roofing, cladding, and fabrication of metal parts.
  • Plates are thicker and more substantial than sheets.
  • Plates are used in structural applications:
    • Construction.
    • Shipbuilding.
    • Manufacturing of heavy machinery.
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  • Metal wires have a thin and elongated form.
  • Wires are used for:
    • Electrical wiring.
    • Telecommunications.
    • Fencing.
  • Wires are also in various industrial applications:
    • Springs.
    • Mesh.
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Bars and rods

  • Metal bars are solid, long, and have a circular or rectangular cross-section.
    • Bars are used as structural elements and support beams.
    • Bars are also used for manufacturing machine components.
  • Rods are similar to bars but are usually thinner in diameter.
    • Rods are used in construction, electrical wiring, and concrete structures.
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  • Metal profiles are specific shapes that are extruded or formed to have consistent cross-sections.
  • Examples of profiles include:
    • I-beams.
    • C-channels.
    • Angles.
    • T-sections.
  • Profiles are used in construction, infrastructure, and manufacturing.
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Tubes and pipes

  • Tubes have a hollow cylindrical shape.
    • Tubes are used in plumbing, heating systems, and structural frameworks.
  • Pipes also have a hollow cylindrical shape.
    • Pipes come in various diameters and wall thicknesses.
    • Pipes are used for the transportation of fluids or gases.
    • Pipes are made from metals like steel, copper, or aluminium.

Jump to other topics

1Core Technical Principles

2Paper & Board: Specialist Technical Principles

3Timber: Specialist Technical Principles

4Metal: Specialist Technical Principles

5Polymers: Specialist Technical Principles

6Textiles: Specialist Technical Principles

7Designing & Making Principles

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