Paper & Board: Modification of Materials

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Modification of Materials

It is important to understand the modifications that materials go through in order to improve and make informed decisions about material selection.

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  • Additives are an important addition to paper as a material.
  • Without additives, we are left with materials in a less enhanced state.
Illustrative background for CMCIllustrative background for CMC ?? "content


  • CMC (Carboxymethyl cellulose) is an additive used to aid in the bonding of fibres.
  • Soda ash is added to ensure that the strong bast fibres remain which occurs due to the non-cellulose parts being dissolved.

Jump to other topics

1Core Technical Principles

2Paper & Board: Specialist Technical Principles

3Timber: Specialist Technical Principles

4Metal: Specialist Technical Principles

5Polymers: Specialist Technical Principles

6Textiles: Specialist Technical Principles

7Designing & Making Principles

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